One of the diseases that often occur in pregnant women is anemia. Anemia in pregnancy can be dangerous depends on the severity. The severity of anemia also varies and can affect the condition both of the baby and the mother. Therefore, anemia prevention in pregnant women is needed. So, the mother and the baby remain healthy.
Why Anemia often Occur in Pregnant Women?
According to a journal entitled Anemia in Pregnancy, the lack of hemoglobin in red blood cells will result in a lack of oxygen in the body. You will feel weak, headaches, to shortness of breath. Anemia in pregnancy often occurs due to physiological changes that can affect hemoglobin levels.
In addition, the unbalanced intake of nutrients and vitamins for pregnant women can cause iron deficiency in the body. Therefore, anemia finally occurs. Besides the iron deficiency, several other causes of anemia in pregnant women include:
- Folate deficiency due to unbalanced dietary habit
- Vitamin B12 deficiency due to not consuming enough dairy products, meat, and eggs that cause unhealthy red blood cells
Anemia in pregnant women certainly carries several risks that could potentially harm the mother and baby. Some possibilities that may be experienced if you have anemia during pregnancy are:
- Post-partum hemorrhage or excessive bleeding after childbirth
- Placenta previa or placental cords are located at the bottom of the uterus
- Premature birth
- Low birth weight
- Fetal death
Because of the various complications due to anemia in pregnancy, you certainly have to be vigilant and really pay attention to the food intake. Taking anemia prevention by adopting a balanced diet can help you avoid these complications.
How to Prevent Anemia in Pregnancy
As reported by the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program, one effective way to prevent anemia in pregnant women is taking iron supplements. In addition, prevention of anemia can begin to be done by regulating eating patterns such as:
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- Take folic acid and iron supplements. The dosage is based on instructions from the doctor, but it is generally recommended 60 mg of iron and 400 mcg of folic acid.
- Eating foods that contain high iron such as meat chicken, fish, eggs, and wheat.
- Eat foods that are rich in folic acids such as dried beans, wheat, orange juice, and green vegetables.
- Take supplements and foods that contain vitamin C such as fresh fruits and vegetables.
Pregnant women also often struggle to get adequate iron intake, so they need iron supplements. If iron supplements make your stomach uncomfortable, try to take them together with a few mouthfuls food.
Efforts to prevent anemia in pregnancy is one step of having a healthy pregnancy. However, if you are still worried, it is better to consult with your doctor. Your doctor then will provide the right solution to help answer your concerns.