Pneumonia is an infection that triggers inflammation in the air pockets in one or both lungs. This condition makes the sufferer difficult to breathe. This disease is also one of the highest causes of death among children in the world.
Pneumonia is usually caused by bacteria or a virus. It is also caused by fungi or irritants that you breathe into your lungs. In general, this disease can be characterized by symptoms include a cough, fever, and difficulty breathing.
Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common bacteria that cause pneumonia. This disease can also be triggered by viruses and other factors. The following are the causes of pneumonia:
- Virus. Some flu viruses or colds can also cause pneumonia. This cause is most commonly experienced by toddlers.
- Mushroom. This cause is most often experienced by people who have a decreased immune system or chronic disease.
- Aspiration Pneumonia. This type is triggered because the patient inhales foreign objects such as food or drink, vomit, or saliva.
People Who Have A High Risk
Everyone can affect this pneumonia. However, this disease has the potential to get worse in some people condition. The following are conditions which have a high risk of pneumonia:
- Baby and children under 2 years old
- Elderly people over 65 years old
- Smoker or abuse alcohol
- People with low immune systems such as those with HIV
- Persons with chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease
- Patients in hospitals especially those using ventilators
- A worker in construction or agriculture
The symptoms are various based on the severity. The diversity of these symptoms can also be caused by differences in the types of bacteria that trigger the infection, age, and health conditions of people. Here are the common symptoms that usually appear:
- Sweating and shivering
- A dry cough or a cough with thick sputum
- Breathless and short breath
- Chest pain when inhaling or coughing
- Nausea or vomit
The treatments for mild pneumonia are just by consuming antibiotics prescribed by a doctor, adequate rest, and plenty of drinking water. The patient also does not need to be hospitalized.
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This disease is not contagious, but people with weak immune systems should stay away until the condition of the patient is fully restored. The following are steps to help to relieve natural symptoms.
- Take analgesics or painkillers. The medicines are paracetamol or ibuprofen to relieve and reduce fever.
- Stop smoking. This habit can aggravate pneumonia.
- Avoid consumption of cough medicine. Relieving cough may make a longer duration of infection pneumonia. Cough medicine has also not been proven medically.
If your case is severe, you may need to be hospitalized. Medical treatment from the hospital for the severe condition involves receive antibiotics intravenously, receive body fluids through the infusion, and oxygen to help to breathe. Ventilators in the Intensive Care Room (ICU) may also be needed to help the weakening respiratory system.