Psoriasis – Treatment, Causes, and Symptoms

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by a red rash, peeling, thickened, dry, and scaly skin. All parts of the body can get this disease but usually, it appears on the knee, lower back, elbow, or scalp.

The severity of psoriasis symptoms is different and can attack any age. Since it is a chronic autoimmune disease, it is better to make sure that your immune system in optimal shape if you want to prevent this disease.

Psoriasis - Treatment, Causes, and Symptoms

Psoriasis Causes

The cause of psoriasis is not known for certain and it is not contagious. Psoriasis begins in your immune system with a type of white blood cell called a T-cell. It has a role in shielding your body against infections and diseases.

If you have this disease, the cells are mistakenly driven into action and attack the healthy skin cells. There is no explanation for why the immune system can experience a false performance. However, experts suspect that there is influence from the environment and genetics.

People with psoriasis can prevent the development of their symptoms by finding out and avoiding the trigger factors. Some factors that trigger the recurrence of this disease are throat infection, skin injuries, consumption of alcohol, drugs, smoke, obesity, stress, immune system disorders, and hormonal changes.

Psoriasis Symptoms

The intensity of the symptoms in each person is different. Some have mild symptoms or none at any time. Not all people with psoriasis experience the same symptoms because this disease has many types. In general, the following are psoriasis symptoms:

  • Dry cracked skin that could bleed
  • Swollen and stiff joints
  • Thickened, pitted or ridged nails
  • Red patches of skin covered
  • Itching, burning or soreness
  • Small scaling spots
Psoriasis - Treatment, Causes, and Symptoms

Treatment

The cure for psoriasis is not available until now. The treatment generally aims to inhibit the growth of skin cells, reduce symptoms, and fixed skin texture that strike.

Before treating, the physician has to consider some factors such as the type of psoriasis, severity of the disease, size of psoriasis patches, and patient reaction to certain treatments. There are four treatment protocols that are commonly used:

Topical Medications

These creams and ointments can be obtained by prescriptions that are directly applied to the skin to decrease inflammation, subdue the immune system, help in skin peeling and pore unclogging, and soothe the skin. A common class of topical psoriasis treatments called corticosteroids that actually have more health risks than benefits.

Light Therapy or Phototherapy

There are two types of lights that used for phototherapy are natural light from the sun and artificial ultraviolet light. The phototherapy process is generally handled by a dermatologist and uses ultraviolet A and B.

UVB is able to penetrate your skin and slow down the growth of affected skin cells. The duration of each session of ultraviolet B takes several minutes several times a week. Another phototherapy is ultraviolet A (UVA) that can penetrate the skin deeper than UVB.

Systemic Treatment

This is usually reserved for patients with severe psoriasis that taken orally in liquid or pill form or given intravenously. The common medications used for systemic treatment are methotrexate, retinoids, cyclosporine or biologic response modifiers which each type of drug has its own set of side effects for health.

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Combination Therapy

This method involves a combination of topical, light, and systemic treatments although in much lower doses.

Natural Skin-Improving Remedies

Because of the side effects of conventional medications, it is better using natural methods such as spices and essential oils.

  • Aloe Vera. It can help alleviate inflammation and even arthritic pain and effective in enhancing skin health, lessening skin inflammation, blistering and itching and treating rashes.
  • Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV). It can help relieve scalp itchiness.
  • Capsaicin. Capsaicin is known to lessen the body’s supply of a chemical component found in nerve cells that can transmit pain signals to the brain and desensitizes sensory receptors on your skin.
  • Tea Tree Oil. This essential oil has both antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory.
  • Turmeric. It helps with pain relief and provides immense anti-inflammatory relief by combatting the inflammation at the molecular level