What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a long-term or chronic disease caused by high blood sugar levels. Actually, diabetes is not a disease of blood sugar, but rather a disorder of insulin and leptin.

It happens because of interference in the metabolic system in the body. Moreover, glucose is very important for our health because it is the main energy for the brain and the cells that make up the muscles and tissues in our body.

Diabetes Symptoms, Types, and Prevention

Diabetes Symptoms 

It is important for us to know the early symptoms of diabetes. This disease does not come suddenly. There are some symptoms that commonly experienced by the sufferer. The following are the common symptoms:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination especially at night
  • Extreme hunger even after eating
  • Unusual loss of weight
  • Increased fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • Frequent infections (skin, urinary, and vaginal)
  • Irritability
  • Numbness or tingling in hands and feet
  • Nausea and possible vomiting


This disease has two main types, diabetes type 1 and type 2. The characteristics of both types are almost the same. The symptoms of type 1 and 2 diabetes are also indistinguishable. So, you need medical attention further. However, there are several symptoms that may distinguish between type 1 and 2.

Diabetes Symptoms, Types, and Prevention

Diabetes Type 1

Type 1 also known as diabetes mellitus and the symptoms often come suddenly. Type 1 is a chronic health condition characterized by elevated levels of glucose in your blood or high blood sugar. It usually affects the patients under the age of 20 years and generally, the patients have a skinny body.

Type 1 is caused by damage to the pancreas so the insulin production is reduced. Therefore, the sufferers need to be supplemented with insulin for the rest of their lives. Type 1 is also difficult to predict and prevent because it is a genetic disorder that is born from birth.

Diabetes Type 2

The symptoms of type 2 will develop gradually. It can be characterized by the slow healing of wounds or pain and numbness in the legs. Type 2 usually affects the patients above the age of 35 years and attacks people who are overweight or obesity.

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Type 2 is caused by insulin resistance. The insulin is adequate but does not work well in controlling blood sugar levels. So, the patients take oral medications or swallowing drugs. Actually, type 2 is preventable because it usually affects people with unhealthy eating and rarely exercises.


Diabetes is long-term chronic diseases that cannot be cured. Once you have it, you should live with this disease for the rest of your life. Therefore, it is important to avoid this condition with some prevention. Here are some tips to avoid diabetes at a young age:

  • The consumption of healthy foods. Reduce sugar intake, fatty foods, fast food, or fried foods every day.
  • Move the body more actively. Expand the outdoor activities than play gadgets in the room.
  • Weight management. Control the weight by dieting and exercising regularly to avoid obesity.