Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder that causes the sufferer to feel the need to perform an action repeatedly. If not done, people with OCD will feel anxiety or fear.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder can be experienced by anyone. Although it is more common in early adulthood, OCD can also occur in children or adolescents. OCD sufferers sometimes realize that their thoughts and actions are excessive. But they still feel compelled to do it and cannot avoid it.
This disorder can affect your job, school, and relationships and keep you from living a normal life. Your thoughts and actions are beyond your control.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Causes and Risk Factors
The cause of OCD is not known for certain. However, there are some risk factors that can increase a person’s risk of developing OCD. The risk factors are:
- Suffering from a mental disorder
- Have family members who suffer from OCD
- Never experienced an unpleasant event
OCD Symptoms and Diagnosis
Obsessive-compulsive disorder symptom is a disorder of the mind that causes anxiety or constant fear. They have to do a repeated behavior in order to eliminate the anxiety. For example, people with OCD who are afraid of getting sick will wash their hands excessively.
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Psychiatrists will conduct in-depth interviews about the thoughts and behaviors that arise and explore the effects on the lives of sufferers. The psychiatrist will make sure with a physical examination and further examination to see the presence of other diseases that can result in the appearance of OCD symptoms.
OCD treatment aims to control the symptoms that arise. So, the method that is done depends on the severity of the symptoms. The treatment methods for patients with OCD can be in the form of cognitive-behavioral therapy, administration of antidepressant drugs, or a combination of the two methods. In some patients, treatment needs to be done for life.