Psychotherapy is not only used as a method in people with severe mental disorders, but also in people with various changes in mental health conditions such as depression, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, emotional disorders, and drug dependence.
Psychotherapy consists of various types, with a customized approach to the needs of each patient individually.
Conditions that Require Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy is actually a treatment carried out by a psychiatrist or psychologist by establishing two-way communication with someone who has an emotional disorder.
This treatment will make sufferers learn to recognize the conditions, moods, feelings, thoughts, and behaviors that are being faced. So, they understand how to control themselves and respond to difficult situations better.
Someone who needs this method may show extraordinary sadness, unexplained feelings, fear, anxiety, confusion, even felt his life is no longer helpless. The problem faced was never-ending even though it has received help and support from family and closest relatives in overcoming it.
The problem then makes patients difficult to concentrate on doing daily activities including work, or cause excessive worry, and have bad thoughts about something continuously.
In other cases, it may be unnoticed that someone has excessive courage and confidence in something. This makes him often take the wrong decision, even extreme, or hated by others who do not understand the conditions.
Gradually, this mental disorder can affect physical health. This is then becoming the concern of mental health experts to balance human health that is formed as a balanced state between physical, mental, and social welfare so that the intact health is formed.
Various pressures and conflicts of life that can affect mental health may be overcome by psychotherapy. Meanwhile, psychotherapy can help overcome mental health disorders such as:
- Emotional disorders are due to experiencing divorce, loss of work, death of family members.
- Suffer from a chronic disease that has a negative impact on emotional health.
- Anxiety disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), phobias (eg blood phobia and agoraphobia), panic attacks or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
- Dependence on drugs, gambling, and alcohol.
- Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia.
- Mood disorders such as depression, manic, and bipolar.
- Personality Disorders.
- Psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia.
- Fake pregnancy.
Types of Psychotherapy
In patients who suffer from severe mental health disorders, a combination of therapy and medication is very effective in overcoming the problems. The types of therapy that can be done include:
1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a psychotherapy that examines the relationship between mindset and belief that can affect a person’s feelings and behavior. Patients will usually be helped to practice their behavior and mindset in dealing with various severe situations.
The goal of cognitive behavioral therapy is that patients are able to learn to recognize negative thought patterns, evaluate their truth and think more positively.
2. Psychoanalytic Therapy
The psychiatrist or psychologist will encourage the patients to say whatever is on their mind. Generally, problems that arise due to conflicts that are not resolved properly, unwittingly can affect the mindset, behavior, and speech.
With psychoanalytic therapy, patients can understand the hidden meaning of various things they do in dealing with certain situations which are often not realized by the reason. So, the patients are able to cope better with their feelings by expressing the experience they had gone through.
3. Analytic Cognitive Therapy
Analytic cognitive therapy is a combination of psychoanalytic therapy with cognitive behavioral therapy. In this therapy, the psychiatrist will help the patient find out the cause of the problem related to the patient’s behavior.
The psychiatrist will also help the patient to understand what happened beforehand and help the patient explore that this is not a problem that needs to be feared in the future.
4. Interpersonal Therapy
Interpersonal psychotherapy is useful in overcoming problems that involve relationships with others such as family, friends, and coworkers. Interpersonal psychotherapy can improve the involvement of feelings by finding solutions to overcome problems faced with others.
5. Humanistic Therapy
This therapy will encourage patients to think positively about themselves with the aim to increase awareness in respecting oneself.
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6. Systemic Therapy
Systemic therapy is done by involving other family members. The goal is that the problems faced can be overcome together. Keeping in mind that family is good support to help recovery.
The success of psychotherapy will be different for each individual. The success mainly lies in the strong desire to change and recover. When doing psychotherapy, patients are encouraged to be open, so that the problems they face can be resolved.