A paranoid personality disorder is characterized by suspicion and excessive fear. Generally, people with paranoid personalities always assume that other people want to hurt them and feel the surrounding conditions are suspicious or dangerous.
A paranoid personality disorder is more commonly experienced by men and starting during childhood or adolescence. People with paranoid personalities are generally difficult to get along and often have problems in establishing close relationships.
Paranoid Personality Disorder Symptoms
Until now, it is not clear why someone can experience a paranoid personality disorder. However, expert believed that childhood traumatic experiences both physical and emotional are the causes. Childhood traumatic are also driven by extreme emotions and environmental influences.
The typical symptoms are not being able to trust others, excessive need to be independent, and have strong autonomy. In fact, they are also very excessive in controlling the people around them.
Thus, it is not surprising that people with paranoid personalities are often rigid, introverted or display indifferent attitudes towards others, especially people he or she just met.
Other paranoid personality disorder symptoms that are commonly possessed are:
- Believe that other people have ulterior motives or want to hurt them
- Having difficulty working with other people
- Fast-tempered and hostile
- Having difficulty understanding their own problems
- Easily separated or isolated socially
- Doubting other people’s loyalty.
- Very sensitive when criticized
- Be argumentative and defensive
Some paranoid personality symptoms are almost the same as other mental disorders such as borderline personality disorder and schizophrenia. The doctor will recommend further examinations with a psychologist or psychiatrist.
Diagnosis and Paranoid Treatment
Paranoid personality disorder will be diagnosed by a psychologist or psychiatrist. Parents or close relatives are very important in helping patients to be diagnosed by a psychiatrist. Usually, the patients do not want to seek treatment until symptoms that appear are disturbing their lives.
The initial stage of diagnosing this disorder is to consult a psychiatrist. The patient will be asked about childhood, school, work, and relationships with others. Psychiatrists may also ask how patients respond to imagined situations. This consultation is useful to measure the extent of patients’ reaction to certain situations.
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After getting a detailed explanation from the patient regarding several questions, the next step is to make a diagnosis and prepare a treatment plan. The treatment usually involves long-term psychotherapy. This type of therapy will help paranoid sufferers communicate with others in social situations and helps reduce the feeling of being paranoid.
There are also several types of drugs that can be given to help reduce the symptoms that interfere. The symptoms cannot be underestimated. Consult a psychiatrist to ensure the best diagnosis and treatment.