Rubella or German measles is an infectious disease caused by the rubella virus. The most important symptom is a red rash spot. This infectious disease often occurs in children who have not received the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine.
This disease is different from chickenpox even though these two diseases are causing a red rash. This disease is caused by a different virus from chickenpox and not as contagious and serious as chickenpox.
Is rubella dangerous?
Everyone is at risk of this infectious disease. Rubella in children and adults get better quickly, harmless, and rarely cause complications. This disease is only dangerous if it occurs in pregnant women. If a pregnant woman is infected with the virus, especially during the first 4 months of pregnancy, the baby is at risk of disability or even stillborn.
Children infected with German measles may have no symptoms. Generally, symptoms appear 2-3 weeks after exposure to the virus.
Rubella symptoms that often occur are:
- Skin rashes on the head spread to the body, for 2-3 days
- Headache, mild fever
- Nasal congestion or runny nose
- The lymph nodes of the neck and back of the ears swell
Rubella in adults and adolescents symptoms can be supplemented with the following symptoms:
- Loss of appetite.
- Conjunctivitis (eyelid and eyeball infection).
- Swollen and painful joints in young women.
These symptoms usually disappear within a few days but can be longer. There may be other signs and symptoms that are not mentioned above. If you have a concern about a specific symptom, consult your doctor.
When should I see a doctor?
You should contact a doctor if you or your child experience the rash or symptoms above. During pregnancy, you will be tested for rubella and vaccinated if needed by your obstetrician.
Even so, if you are pregnant or want to become pregnant and experience the symptoms, you should be treated immediately for medical treatment. If you have any symptoms above or other questions, consult your doctor. Each person’s body is different. Always consult a doctor to treat your health condition.
Rubella disease is caused by the rubella virus. This virus is transmitted from person to person through contact with fluids from the nose and throat of the sufferers. This disease is very contagious and easily transmitted to others.
A person can transmit the virus to others, a week before a skin rash appears up to 1 week after the rash has healed. Pregnant women also can transmit this disease to their babies through the bloodstream.
There are some factors that increase your risk affected by german measles. They are:
- Never had this disease before.
- Never received a goiter, chickenpox, and measles vaccine.
- Traveling to another country or rubella epidemic site.
Having no risk factors does not mean you cannot suffer from this disease. This sign is only a reference. You should consult a doctor for more detailed information.
The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.
At present, autoimmune diseases and german measles are considered related. When infected, your child’s body will automatically become immune and have immunity in this disease permanently. If your child feels uncomfortable, you can use febrifuge and painkillers such as paracetamol. You can also ask the pharmacist for an itch-reducing cream.
If you are pregnant, your doctor can give rubella antigens (hyperimmune globulin) to help with immunity, but this still poses a risk of baby defects.
How to diagnose rubella?
This infectious disease is quite difficult to diagnose and the symptoms are less clear. Your doctor will diagnose from clinical history and examination of the symptoms in your child. If you are pregnant with symptoms of this disease or are exposed to the sufferer, your doctor can take fluid samples from your throat, blood, and urine for examination.
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The following is what you can do to help deal with this infectious disease:
- Take medications as prescribed.
- Do not scratch because it can leave marks. You can use an itch-reducing cream that is sold at pharmacies.
- You or your child must avoid contact with others until they get better, especially do not stand close or in contact with pregnant people.
- Use aspirin rubella for young children.
If you have questions, consult your doctor for the best solution for your problem.